MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) have long been important in the Indian economy. Not only do India’s 6.3 crore MSMEs generate one-third of the country’s GDP, but also employs a huge portion of the population.

This industry is considered as a job creator, and it is critical in delivering large & small scale employment and industrialisation in rural and underdeveloped areas. According to the 73rd round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), roughly 633.8 lakh of the working population is unincorporated in the non-agriculture sector.

In the past five decades, the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has grown as a highly vibrant and dynamic segment of the Indian economy. It substantially contributes to the country’s economic and social growth by encouraging entrepreneurship and creating vast employment prospects at low capital costs, second only to agriculture. 

MSMEs serve as ancillary units to large companies, and this sector contributes considerably to the country’s inclusive industrial development. MSMEs are expanding their sphere of influence across the economy, generating a diversified range of products and services to fulfil the needs of both domestic and international customers.

It’s important to uplift the MSME as it helps in the growth of other sectors. The significance of MSME in India is discussed below.

MSME produces a large number of jobs for a vast number of people.

To start a new firm in this industry, inclusive enterprises require little money. Furthermore, it provides a

plethora of opportunities for unemployed people. 

India generates over 1.2 million graduates per year, with approximately 0.8 million engineers. So far, no economy has been able to offer such a vast number of newcomers in a single year. MSME is a blessing to India’s young talent.

Growth and leverage exports are both indicators of economic stability.

It is India’s most important driver, accounting for 8% of the country’s GDP. Because of MSMEs contribution to manufacturing, exports, and jobs, it benefits other industries. 


Encourages inclusive growth

For numerous years, the MSME Ministry has prioritised inclusive growth. Poverty and deprivation, on the other hand, constitute a barrier to India’s progress.

Furthermore, it comprises socially underprivileged groups, which is a majorconcern for the Ministry of MSME. So uplifting them will indirectly pull them out of poverty and deprivation, thereby growing employment in MSMEs.

Benefits to the society 

It is critical to support MSMEs because as will pay better wages to their employees their revenue grows. Indirectly, labourers would be able to spend more on housing, food, clothing, and other necessities, and the money saved would trickle down to their spending on their children’s education

Education plays a major role in the growth and progress of a society. It is one of the key components that can make or break a Country. If citizens of a country are educated, they can provide significant contributions in various fields. 

The higher their education and accomplishments, the better employment options they get. People who grew up poor but educated themselves have high chances to transform their lives, thus decreasing society’s poverty rates. Employment will provide financial resources for stable lives.

The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise sector can boost the nation’s socio-economic progress by giving a local answer to the country’s unemployment problem. In terms of economic imbalances, this will reduce inequities between geographical areas even more. Furthermore, the MSME sector’s inclusive sustainable growth pattern will create local job possibilities, reducing the population load in megacities.

Micro, Small and Medium Businesses (MSMEs) constitute the backbone of a strong national economy. Prioritising their development is crucial for the country’s future. The transformation of India from an emerging power to an established economic powerhouse will take place over the next decade, and MSMEs will play a vital role in this process.

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